Vineyards are to be found as soon as one leaves the city, and the Bordeaux region boasts many great châteaux in several distinct districts:
- The Médoc has outstanding vineyard soil, and includes prestigious great growths as well as numerous crus bourgeois. Estates often have impressive châteaux, whose architecture is, on occasion, remarkably unusual.
- The Blaye and Bourg regions have beautiful vine-covered slopes overlooking the Gironde estuary and villages with houses of golden-coloured stone, Romanesque churches, famous archaeological sites, and typical small ports.
- Located on the right bank of the Dordogne, the medieval town of Saint-Emilion is not only famous for its fine wines, but also for its many historic monuments, and was listed in 1999 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- The Entre Deux Mers, the largest winegrowing region in Bordeaux, owes its name to the two rivers that mark its borders, the Garonne and the Dordogne.
- The Entre Deux Mers also features numerous historic landmarks including medieval bastides (fortified villages) and abbeys.
- The Graves region stretches from Bordeaux to Langon, along the west bank of the Garonne, as far south as the immense Landes pin forest.
And of course, don't forget the Pécharment and Monbazillac appellation close to Bergerac, as well as some of the lesser-known, but equally fine names like Duras and Buzet en Lot-et-Garonne from Jurançaon and Iroulégouy in the Pyrénées Atlantiques, or others like Armagnac and Tursan in Landes.